Egypt Profile – Important Facts, People and History

Important Facts About Egypt
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We often make associations in our minds at one point in our lives and end up never forgetting them. When we make associations with countries and reduce them to one aspect, we end up ignoring all the other beautiful things about them. For instance, if the first thing that comes to your mind is Big Ben, when someone mentions the UK, you will be missing out on all the other amazing things about the country. From beautiful landscapes to museums, there is a lot that the UK can offer to a tourist. But people often end up missing out on things only because of their limited associations.


The world today knows Egypt as the home of the pyramids. Although the pyramids have a history of their own and are important structures, they aren’t the only thing you should know about this beautiful country. The population of over a hundred million people makes Egypt the most populous country in both the Arab World and North Africa. It is considered a regional power in North Africa and the Middle East. It is also a very important country in the Muslim world due to its strong economy. It is expected to become one of the largest economies in the world in this century.

The People of Egypt

Important Facts About Egypt:

Here are some important facts about this African country:

History of Egypt
  • Longest History:

The country has one of the longest histories in the world. Its heritage can be traced back to the 4th millennia BCE. Known as Ancient Egypt in history, the region was the cradle of civilization back then. Some of the earliest development of urbanization, agriculture, writing, and central government occurred within the boundaries of Ancient Egypt.

  • Urban Population:

More than half of the country’s population lives in urban areas. Cairo, the capital city, is one of the most densely populated regions in the country. Other densely populated areas include the city of Alexandria and the region around the Nile Delta.

  • Calendar:

The 365 days calendar that we use today was invented in Egypt. The calendar was divided into twelve months in this country. Ancient Egyptians invented the calendar so they can predict the annual flooding of the Nile river. It is just one of the many inventions offered by Egyptians to the world.

  • Gods:

Before Egypt became an Islamic country, it was an important center of Christianity. The people of Egypt worshipped numerous gods. They had so many different gods that every city had its own favorite. But all of that change after the arrival of Islam in the region.

  • The Great Pyramids:

People have a lot of misconceptions about the Great Pyramids, but the biggest one is that they were built by slaves. In reality, they were built by laborers who were paid their wages. The laborers considered it an honor to work for the Pharaoh. Those who died during the building of the pyramids were buried in tombs near the Great Pyramids.

The People of Egypt:

The people of Egypt are called Egyptians. The majority of the population lives on a small strip of cultivable land in the lower Nile Valley. They speak local varieties of Arabic that are all mutually intelligible. Most of the population follows Sunni Islam. A small percentage of the population are Coptic Christians. Their liturgical language is Coptic.

The dominant physical features of Egyptians can be attributed to the admixture of indigenous people with those of Arab ancestry. People with blonde and red hair and blue eyes can be seen in urban areas. These physical characteristics are due to the intermarriages between immigrants and natives. The population in rural areas is more homogenous because they have not been affected by intermarriages.

The behavior of Egyptians towards their community varies from one region to the next. Those living in the middle Nile valley are considered more conservative than the rest of the population of the country. Nomadic groups are also quite common in Egypt and can often be found in different regions of the desert of the country.

History of Egypt:

It wasn’t until the humans managed to decipher hieroglyphics that they become familiar with the history of Ancient Egypt. One of the world’s earliest human structure was found in this country and was estimated to date back to 100,000 BC. The country was conquered by Alexander the Great in 332 BC. His rule ended when the region was taken over by the Romans. After the Roman Empire, Muslims became the rulers of the country. Different parts of the country were ruled over by various caliphates.

When the Muslim rule ended, the country became an autonomous tributary state. But that changed when the British occupied the land. After the revolution of 1919, the Kingdom of Egypt was established. However, the British retained control over all the important matters of the state. The people of the country were not pleased with this situation and did not see the creation of the kingdom as beneficial to them. It wasn’t until 1953 that the country became fully independent.

After 2500 years of foreign occupation, the country was finally ruled by the natives. Although Egypt continued to face social and political problems after its independence, it has not stopped working towards a better future. The current economic situation of the country is very positive and is expected to get better in the near future. The Egyptians are finally going to get the future that they always dreamed of.

Egyptian History and Modern Challenges

In ancient times, Egypt boasted remarkable architectural feats and sacred sites, including Abu Simbel, renowned for its magnificent temples carved into the rock. Another significant location, Abu Mena, once served as a bustling Christian pilgrimage center. Wadi Al-Hitan, also known as Whale Valley, showcases fossilized remains of ancient whales, offering a glimpse into prehistoric marine life. Lake Nasser, formed by the construction of the Aswan High Dam, stands as one of the world’s largest artificial lakes, with Ramses II’s temples relocated here to preserve them.

Despite these landmarks, Egypt’s largest city, Cairo, remains a bustling metropolis, serving as a vibrant hub of culture, commerce, and history. Beyond its iconic monuments, Egypt’s fertile lands along the Nile Delta provide vital arable land supporting agriculture and sustaining communities for millennia.

In the annals of history, the names of Julius Caesar and Mark Antony are intertwined with the fate of ancient Egypt. Their involvement in the affairs of the Egyptian government during the turbulent times of the 1st century BC left an indelible mark on the region’s political landscape. Fast forward to the 19th century, Muhammad Ali’s rule saw significant modernization efforts in Egypt, laying the groundwork for future developments.

The strategic significance of the Suez Canal, which connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea, became increasingly evident in the 19th century, shaping global trade routes. Today, modern marvels like the resort town of Sharm El Sheikh attract visitors from around the world, contributing to Egypt’s economy. However, challenges persist, including financial and time constraints, as Egypt strives to balance its rich historical heritage with the demands of the modern era.

Suez Canal Trade and Governance

Getty Images, renowned for its extensive collection of visual content, captures moments that transcend borders, including historical events like the British forces’ involvement in conflicts worldwide. In today’s interconnected world, possessing a valid passport is essential for international travel, yet for asylum seekers fleeing conflict and persecution, obtaining such documentation remains a challenge.

Asylum seekers often face barriers imposed by government regulations and interference, complicating their journey to safety. Meanwhile, the Suez Canal stands as a vital artery for global trade, subject to government regulations and oversight. Despite government officials’ efforts to navigate these complexities, the Suez Canal continues to play a pivotal role in the global economy, representing the largest sector in Egypt’s maritime industry.

The Suez Canal Zone has long been a focal point of geopolitical tensions and international agreements. Throughout its history, the region has witnessed various measures aimed at maintaining order and control, including daytime curfews imposed by authorities. The presence of the Egyptian army, alongside forces from Britain and Italy, underscores the strategic significance of the area.

The Anglo-Egyptian Condominium Agreement of 1899 established a framework for cooperation and governance in the region, reflecting the complex relationship between Egypt and the British Empire. Over time, amendments and revisions have been made to the existing Anglo-Egyptian Condominium Agreement, reflecting evolving political dynamics and changing geopolitical landscapes.

Egypt’s Political Evolution

The initial Anglo-French assault on Egypt marked a pivotal moment in the country’s modern history, shaping its political landscape for decades to come. Figures like Gamal Abdel Nasser and Muhammad Naguib emerged as key leaders during this period, navigating Egypt through turbulent times. Drawing inspiration from the legacy of Muhammad Ali Pasha, Nasser spearheaded ambitious reforms, including land reform and the development of national industries, aimed at modernizing the country and asserting its independence.

The Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1954 symbolized Egypt’s efforts to regain sovereignty from foreign influence, laying the groundwork for future diplomatic endeavors. One such milestone was the 1979 Egypt-Israel peace treaty, brokered by Nasser’s successor, which reshaped regional dynamics in the Middle East. Meanwhile, Egypt’s involvement in conflicts like the North Yemen Civil War reflected its aspirations for regional influence and stability.

House arrest, often used as a form of detention or restriction, has been employed throughout history to confine individuals within their residences. In the economic realm, the concept of infant industries refers to nascent sectors that require protection and support to develop and compete in the global market. Within political systems, bodies like the House of Representatives play crucial roles in governance, representing the interests of constituents and shaping legislative agendas.

Meanwhile, the creation of Lake Nasser, a reservoir formed by the Aswan High Dam, submerged ancient sites and temples, including those dedicated to Ramses II, showcasing the intersection of modern development and historical preservation. As the largest city in many regions, urban centers like Cairo serve as hubs of culture, commerce, and administration, shaping the social fabric of their respective countries. Across epochs, figures like Julius Caesar have left enduring legacies, influencing politics, governance, and warfare with their actions and decisions.

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Frequently Asked Questions

The capital city of Egypt is Cairo.

The Nile River is central to Egyptian civilization, providing fertile land for agriculture and serving as a vital transportation route.

The most famous ancient monuments in Egypt include the Great Pyramids of Giza, the Sphinx, and the temples of Luxor and Karnak.

Ancient Egypt existed from around 3100 BCE to 332 BCE, spanning several dynasties and periods of pharaonic rule.

The Rosetta Stone, discovered in Egypt in 1799, was instrumental in deciphering ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs and unlocking the mysteries of Egyptian history and language.


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