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How Old Is Albanian Language?

How Old Is Albanian Language?
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How Old Is Albanian Language?

The Albanian Language is one of the ancient languages spoken by the people of Indo-European countries. It is one of the official languages of Albanians living in the Balkans and other countries like America, Europe, and Oceania. In Italy, it is the third most spoken language.  It is a cosmic language as well as a literary language because of its uniqueness. It is the only language that has all the ancient diversities which all other modern languages lack. Due to the diversity of this language, it has been considered as an independent branch among the Indo-European Languages.

The Albanian language has thought to be descended from classical times of southern Illyrian dialect. More than 7.5 million are native speakers of this language. United States, Chile, Argentina have a large number of Albanian speakers. The different style of this mother-tongue makes people curious about its origin. Therefore, people often ask this question i.e. how old is Albanian Language?

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History And Albanian Origins

It was not officially recognized during the presence of the Ottoman in Albania in the five-century period. This lingo has great significance to the matriarchal times and patriarchal times, the iron period. Although the Albanian Language belongs to the Indo-European Language Family.  But, it has its own specialty like which is somewhat similar to Greek and Armenian. It has some large-scale morphological, syntactic, and phonological changes. But it has no direct link to other languages. In terms of the common origin of this language, it has been found that it was first spoken in the 15th Century and after that till now, it is the last Indo-European branch which is found in written records. Because of its ancient history, its origin is still a Dispute Among Linguists and historians.

Many people believe that this tongue was descended from the Illyrian languages but according to the geographical point of view, it has been found that there is no perfect evidence for this origin either. Because of similarity in the lexical items of Albania and Romanian languages, some people argue that Albanian was originated from the east side of its present geographical location. However, the Romanian language had not inherited 151 Albanian words of Latin origin. There are some studies that describe the origin of this tongue from Paleo-Balkan languages.

Albanian Dialects

Moreover, Albanian Langauge is divided into different Dialects. But there are two major groups of them, one of the Dialects is Tosk which is spoken in the south region and the other Dialects is Gheg which is spoken in the north region.  The Standard Albanian tongue is though based on Tosk Dialects. Among these two groups, each one is further divided into sub-dialects. These indicate the major regions where the Albanian Language is being spoken. In terms of linguistics, the language spoken in the Balkans was spoken in the pre-Indo-European states.  Some of the Balkans features noticed in Albania include qen ‘dog’, qen’i ‘the dog’. Many other Balkan Languages work on the same pattern. It is the co-official language in North Macedonia.

Kosovo was among the areas where Albanian was officially spoken in the Standard Tosk Dialects. Kosovo and some other areas where Albanian was spoken continued to follow the Elbasan dialect till 1968, but with the passage of Time, they adopted new styles. The Albanian Dialects were also found in the regions of Greece mostly in southern Greece. Although in Greece, Albanians are in minority but there are still possibilities of their existence. The first literary records of Albanian were from the 16th century. If you’re looking for Albanian to English translation services, check this out.

Alphabetical Changes 

From the 9th Centuries, it can be seen that the language was dealing with different changes. The Albanian tongue was written by using many alphabets. The fact is evident in the records found in the 14th Century. Greek letters were used by writers under the influence of the Greek Orthodox church in Southern Albania. Arabic letters were used by those who were under the influence of Islam.

During the 5th And 6th Centuries, it can be found that the Albanians were slowly and gradually occupying the areas around the Shkumbin river. This river is located near the old Via Egnatia around the boundary of the Primary Dialect division for Albanian Tosk Gheg. Moreover, research has been carried on old Albanaina literature that was available in 16th  to the 18th centuries. There was no specific distinction in this language but in the 19th Century, a person named Norbert Jokl Sigmund Feist did some efforts to solve the matters of Albanian Language. During the 20th Century, the issue of the 1905 Albanian language was again dealt with. He did various attempts to create a standardized script for the alphabet of this language. But even in this century, there were not many speakers of this tongue.

Orthography

According to the ancient times of Albanian Literature, it is found that the Albanian Language orthography is very similar to the cultural variation and knowledge of some foreign languages among the Albanian Community. According to the earliest records from the 14th century, Albanian is written using many different alphabets. However, the Pelasgians consider Albanian as the mother of all other languages. It was their belief that the moon stands for the mother and the sun stands for the father. In order to understand the orthography of this tongue, it was compared with different Indian languages. On the contrary, there are dead languages that have no evidence left and as well there are no living speakers of these tongues.

Linguistics has described that during the Time period of the 2nd century, a lot of evolution was seen in the Albanian language. Some writers of the Catholic Church used the Albanian tongue in the Latin letters. The prayers and rituals were described in the texts of this language. Various authors have used this language in the Holy books by using vowels. The vowel pronunciation is quite different in this lingo. It is preferred to pronounce the vowel completely by giving the vowel a distinctive length. Several authors have written books by using this language. Among all other neighboring languages, it is considered the most distinct language.

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Indo-European Language Group

Albanian Citizenship

People living in Albania have the native language of Albania which includes a mixed symmetry of Albanian Alphabet, Greek Alphabet, and Latin Alphabet. It is the mother of Latin and Greek Languages. The ancestor of a person determines their authority to Albanian citizenship.

When a Child is born in Albania, he/she gains citizenship by birth because one of his parents is an Albanian. But both of the parents consider the Child as a national of Albania. But if the child is born in the boundaries of Albania and has unknown parents, still it will be given the citizenship of Albania. In case, a child is adopted by some parents who are national Albanians, the Child will be considered as a stateless person because of his adoption. If the parents renounce their Albanian citizenship, then it is compulsory for the Child to renounce his Albanian citizenship as well. There are many more articles that describe the Albanian Citizenship to the Child living in the Territory of Albania.

Conclusion

All human languages are old. But Albanian languages are probably the oldest among the language families like Slavic. From the origin till the twentieth century, a lot of work has done to explore the diverse style, shape, and appearance of Albanian Records. This lingo has adaptations of the Cyrillic alphabets, Greek, Arabis, Latin, and other neighboring languages. Albanian lingo has no similarities with others which makes it unique. It was considered to be Catholic religious literature.

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