Is Welsh a Language? Origin, History, Grammar & Speakers

welsh language
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A common misconception about the Welsh language is that it’s simply an accent; however, it’s a full-fledged language with its origin, history, grammar, and speakers. You might also hear people refer to Welsh as a dialect instead of as a language, but don’t be fooled—it’s not the same thing as American English or British English. Here’s how Welsh became an official language in Wales, what it sounds like and how to use it, and more facts about the history of this unique Welsh language.

History and Status of the Welsh Language

The Welsh language has a long and complex history that has seen it rise and fall in popularity several times. Today, it is estimated that there are around 700,000 Welsh speakers in the world, most of whom live in Wales.

Here, we will look at the history and current status of the Welsh language, as well as some of the challenges it faces. The Welsh language is a Celtic language closely related to Breton and Cornish. It is thought to have originated in Britain during the Iron Age, and it is believed that the first Welsh speakers were the Celtic Britons who inhabited what is now Wales.

The language began to decline in popularity during the Roman occupation of Britain, as Latin became the language of the ruling class. However, it experienced a resurgence during the Middle Ages, when Welsh poets and bards produced a large body of Welsh-language literature.

The Welsh language began to decline again during the Industrial Revolution, as English became the language of the factories and mines. Today, Welsh is considered to be a minority language in Wales, as the majority of the population speaks English.

Despite its decline in popularity, the Welsh language has experienced a resurgence in recent years. In 1967, the Welsh Language Society was founded to promote and protect the Welsh language. As a result of their efforts, the Welsh Language Act was passed in 1993, which made Welsh an official language of Wales.

This Act also established Welsh-language schools and gave people the right to use Welsh in court. In addition, the Welsh Language Board was set up to promote the use of Welsh in public life. Thanks to these efforts, the number of Welsh speakers has increased recently.

However, the Welsh language still faces many challenges. One of the biggest challenges is the fact that the vast majority of Welsh speakers also speak English. Welsh is often seen as a second language, and many people are not motivated to learn it.

In addition, the Welsh language is not used as much in the media or public life as English is. This means that many people are not exposed to Welsh daily, which makes it harder for them to learn.


How old is the Welsh language?

The exact age of Welsh is hard to pin down. While there are Celtic inscriptions in Latin, runic letters have been found in Wales that can be dated back as far as 400 B.C., indicating it may have been spoken even earlier than that date. Modern-day scholars believe that some inscriptions could be traced back to 500 B.C., based on carbon dating analysis of samples taken from pottery fragments discovered at sites in Wales containing descriptions written in Latin and Brythonic (the precursor to modern-day Welsh). Such models have helped scholars estimate that speakers of Brythonic—and thus contemporary speakers of Welsh—have lived on British shores for more than 2,000 years.

What is unique about the grammar and vocabulary of Welsh?

Though most of its vocabulary is closely related to English, you’ll find some unique words in Welsh. For example, ci (the cow), oddi (the chimney), gwyn (white), pen (head), bach (minor), dail (daytime) – so many words describing everyday things! But why is it so different from English? The truth is that Wales has always been an isolated country – physically cut off from England and Ireland. It’s also had its language since pre-Roman times. Over time, other foreign languages have influenced both English and Welsh. Still interestingly enough, even though there are plenty of French loanwords in English, for example, almost no French loanwords can be found in Welsh.

There are two dialects of Welsh: Northern and Southern. These dialects developed due to their geographic location relative to England, which led them to use more English or Irish words over time. However, one thing they share is their lack of gender! Nouns don’t change according to gender as they do in many other languages, making them easier for beginners. If you look at the word endings, we can see that nouns generally end with -au, -ydd, -wedd, -yn, or -wr. Verb conjugations follow a pretty straightforward pattern, too, with only three tenses: past tense, present tense, and future tense.

There are more than 20 million people around the world who speak Welsh. They are mainly found in Wales, but there are also significant communities of speakers in Patagonia, Argentina, Japan, and across Canada. Some notable places include Galloway (Scotland), Minnesota (USA), Valencia (Spain), Maharashtra (India), Département Côtes-d’Armor (France), and Sardinia (Italy). English is often known as the language spoken all over, but with many people from countries around Wales speaking it natively—alongside English—it could be said that Welsh is spoken all over. However, it would not be accurate to say that since Welsh is predominantly only spoken within specific areas of land.

The Welsh language has undergone an extensive evolution throughout its history; because of this, there have been times when it was no longer being used or written down. One such time was when England attempted to conquer the Welsh through their policies which banned the use of welsh in schools and government. Another time was during World War II when many welsh words were replaced by words that sounded similar to help protect against enemy forces. Fortunately, these events did not last long enough for them to destroy the beautiful Welsh language.

Today, you can find many Welsh speakers around the world. Even though it is primarily found in Wales, many other places around the globe speak Welsh, including Scotland, France, India, Spain, and Italy. Some argue that languages like Welsh should be better supported instead of ignored because they contain abundant information about their culture. It’s clear that while Welsh may not be widely spoken outside of Wales, it’s still considered essential by those who do speak it.

what language does wales speak

Are there dialects in the different regions where it is spoken?

Welsh uses many characters that aren’t found in other languages written in Latin script. So, why isn’t it just written in English instead of its separate alphabet?

The reason lies with history. When languages are spoken by a small group of Welsh people who live far from other speakers of their language (or where there’s little cultural overlap), it becomes more difficult to assimilate those speakers into another culture or country.

In Wales, it had been so long since French was commonly spoken that when King Edward I drove English colonists into Wales during his reign (1282–1307), Welsh became very isolated from England and vice versa. Linguists call this a creole language because it developed separately from its parent languages.

And because so few Welsh people speak Welsh today, there is no need for standardization among different dialects. They have retained their distinctive character and can still be heard throughout Wales.

How does written Welsh differs from other languages that use Latin characters?

The written form of Welsh that’s most widely used today is Cymraeg, which uses Latin characters. It might seem odd that one of the essential languages in modern Europe uses Roman script. Wales is hardly alone—English uses Latin characters for its written form. There are hundreds of languages worldwide that use Roman characters. So what’s going on here? Why do so many minority languages use Latin letters to write them down? When the Romans conquered much of Western Europe, they brought their alphabet. And since they were also conquering new territories all over Asia and Africa, they spread their alphabet worldwide.

One of the most significant advantages was that this standard alphabet made it easy for middle Welsh people from very different cultures to communicate with each other because everyone could read and write. Eventually, though, local scripts started popping up again as vernacular writing took off. Even English switched back to its original runic lettering (although we still call it Old English) after centuries of using Latin characters. What happened in Wales was slightly different: while Latin script was being replaced by an adapted version called Newrymcaeg (literally New Welsh Writing), these changes weren’t entirely accepted by everyone, and traditional Cymraeg maintained some ground even into the twentieth century.

But eventually, the Latin script became standard across all schools in Wales, making it easier for students to study middle Welsh and other subjects. Today, over half of middle Welsh speakers can read both old-fashioned and modern Cymraeg; however, only a minority can write in either type of Cymraeg. There are four dialects of Welsh spoken throughout Wales, two variants in northern England and one in southwest England. All dialects use the same letters and phonemes but have distinct grammatical features.

For example, northwestern varieties often drop final consonants or pronounce them differently than other dialects. To make matters more complicated, Modern Standard Welsh has been influenced by its sister minority language Cornish because those areas shared borders until relatively recently.

As such, the grammar of Modern Standard Welsh has diverged from that of the older forms of Cymraeg that had not yet come into contact with Cornish. All dialects retain core traits like rhoticity, vowel lengthening before voiceless fricatives, and word stress placement.

Can Welsh speakers understand Gaelic?

The Welsh and Gaelic languages are both Celtic, which means they share a common ancestor. However, they have been separated for centuries and have developed differently. While Gaelic is spoken in Scotland, Ireland, and the Isle of Man, Welsh is spoken in Wales.

Because of this, some people might assume that Welsh speakers cannot understand Gaelic. But that is not the case. While Welsh and Gaelic are two different languages, they share some similarities. Both languages have similar grammar and syntax. And because they are both Celtic languages, they also share some vocabulary. Welsh speakers can often understand Gaelic, even if they don’t speak it fluently.

Of course, there are also differences between the two languages. Gaelic has been influenced by Scottish English, while Welsh has been influenced by English. This means that the two languages sound different and have different words for some things. But overall, Welsh speakers can still understand Gaelic quite well.

welsh language origins

Another reason Welsh speakers can understand Gaelic is that they are both Celtic languages. This means that they share a common ancestor. And while they have been separated for centuries and have developed differently, they still have some similarities. For example, both languages have similar grammar and syntax. This means that they follow the same rules for sentence structure and word order. Read to know about linguistic families of eastern Europe.

Welsh speakers can understand Gaelic because they have been exposed to it. While Gaelic is spoken in Scotland, Ireland, and the Isle of Man, Welsh is spoken in Wales. This means that Welsh speakers are more likely to come into contact with Gaelic than speakers of other languages. And because of this exposure, they are more likely to understand it.

The Current and Future Status of Welsh

The Welsh language is a Celtic language spoken in Wales. It is also spoken by a minority of people in England, Scotland, and the United States. Welsh is a living language, with over half a million speakers. The Welsh language has a rich history and a bright future. The Welsh language was once the dominant language in Wales. However, its use has declined over the centuries due to the influence of English. By the early 21st century, only a minority of people in Wales spoke Welsh as their first language.

The current status of Welsh is that it is recognized as an official language in Wales and the United Kingdom. It is also one of the 24 official languages of the European Union. However, Welsh is considered to be an endangered language, as only a minority of people in Wales speak it as their first language. Various efforts are being made to promote and revive the Welsh language. For example, the Welsh government has set a goal of having one million Welsh speakers by 2050. There are also various Welsh language schools and organizations working to keep the language alive.

what is welsh language


The history of welsh is intriguing, but it’s not much different from other official languages. The Welsh language began as only spoken and not written. It then became an unwritten standard that grew by in large due to its use in education, and it eventually developed written standards.

In recent years, many organizations have been created to promote and protect welsh as a language, including some designed to support non-native speakers who want to learn more about it.

As it stands now, there are very few monolingual welsh speakers remaining alive today, though—thanks to efforts over time—it’s no longer endangered.


For beginners, Welsh is a Celtic language, while English is from the Germanic family. This means that they have different roots and structures. Welsh also has its alphabet, which includes some letters that you won’t find in English. Welsh pronunciation can be tricky for English speakers, as many sounds don’t exist in English. And of course, there are also differences in vocabulary

Welsh is a Celtic language that is spoken in Wales, a country located in the United Kingdom. It is one of the oldest languages in Europe, with evidence of its use dating back to the 6th century. Welsh has undergone many changes over the centuries but is still spoken by many people today.

There is evidence to suggest that some English words have been heavily influenced by the Welsh language. This is most likely because Wales is located next to England, and the two countries have an extended interaction history. For example, the word “cwm,” which means “valley” in Welsh, is thought to be the origin of the English word “comb.” Similarly, the Welsh word “berllan,” meaning “berry,” is believed to be the source of the English word “bilberry.”

In recent years, there has been much discussion about the future of the Welsh language. Some people believe that Welsh is a dying language, while others believe it is undergoing a renaissance. There is no doubt that the number of Welsh speakers is in decline, but there are also many positive signs that the language is far from dead.

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