What Language is Spoken in Slovakia

language in slovakia
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If you plan to visit Slovakia any time soon, you may be wondering, What language is spoken in Slovakia? At first glance, it may appear that the Slovak language isn’t spoken anywhere else but its namesake nation, but that’s not actually the case. According to the UK Statistics Agency, there are several factors that determine whether a person speaks or not English. Here’s what you need to know about Slovak and how it compares to some of the world’s other languages.

Slovakian is the Official Language

Slovakian is also referred to as Slovak, which is a member of the Slavic language family. It is most closely related to Czech and Polish and is spoken by approximately 6 million people worldwide. Slovakian has some dialects that are unique to specific regions of Slovakia, with differences in vocabulary and pronunciation. Slovakia is one of the leading countries in Central Europe with a large population that is fluent in more than one foreign language.

The standard form of Slovakian is written using Latin characters, but it can also be written using Cyrillic characters. This method was adopted after World War II when Slovakia was part of Czechoslovakia and was forced to adopt a common writing system with its neighbor. The country adopted its own standard form after gaining independence from Czechoslovakia in 1993. The native language does not have any official status outside of Slovakia.

The largest native-speaking communities exist in Canada, where about 100,000 people speak Slovakian at home; Ukraine; and Romania. Smaller populations of speakers live in other countries around Europe, including Austria, Croatia, Hungary and Poland. Half a million people (about a tenth of the population) are Hungarians who prefer the Hungarian language. About 2 million people in total speak Slovakian as their first language or mother tongue. Many more know it as a second language or are able to understand it because they grew up speaking another Slavic language such as Russian or Ukrainian.

what language spoken slovakia
what language spoken slovakia

Slovakian and German are the Main Languages

Slovakian is spoken by over 6 million people as a first language in Slovakia, but only about 200,000 of these live outside of Slovakia. It’s also one of two official languages in tiny Carpatho-Ukraine (the other being Ukrainian). Slovakian is closely related to Czech and Polish—all three are members of the Slavic language family—so if you already speak another Slavic language, learning Slovakian should be pretty easy.

German is widely spoken in business circles, especially among older generations; it’s also commonly taught in schools. You can hear both languages on television and radio stations, which often broadcast in both Slovakian and German. Many younger Slovaks are at least conversational in English, especially those who have studied abroad or spent time working for an international company.

However, it’s still helpful to learn some key phrases before visiting Slovakia. There are no dialects worth mentioning, although there is a large Roma population that speaks Romani instead of Slovakian. A small minority language speaks Hungarian too. If you want to avoid any potential confusion, stick with Slovakian when speaking with locals!

Other languages Used in Slovakia

Slovak, Hungarian, Ukrainian, and Croatian. The official language of Slovakia is Slovak, a Slavic language whose roots trace back to Old Slavonic. While there are seven million native speakers in Slovakia, it’s only spoken by about one million people outside of Eastern Europe. There are approximately 2.5 million ethnic Hungarians living in Slovakia who also speak their own language—and you may be surprised to learn that they make up over half of all residents living in Bratislava (the capital city).

Many of these Hungarians live on or near Hungary’s border with Slovakia, which has led some linguists to classify them as an independent dialect rather than a separate language altogether. However, many other languages have influenced modern-day Slovak, including German, Polish, Czech, and Russian. And although most of these influences have been limited to vocabulary words for things like technology and transportation terms (for example: tramvaj), some phrases have actually been borrowed word-for-word from other languages.

Slovak Literature

Slovak Literature is the body of written works produced in Slovakia. The oldest surviving literary texts are from the Stone Age, and some of them were inscribed on stone or bone. Written Slovak language appeared around the 9th century AD, after the arrival of Christianity. The earliest surviving text was written in Latin, then later in the Cyrillic alphabet. The first known book was written in 1270 by Juraj Haulik, a priest from Nitra. His work consisted of prayers and hymns, and he wrote in Latin.

The first book written entirely in the Slovak language was “The Book of Lamentations” written by Ján Škvorc in 1332. He was a Franciscan friar from Trenčín. The first printed book was published in 1501, and the first printing press was built in 1473. This was followed by the invention of movable type in Germany in 1440. The first book printed using this new method was called “The Gospel”.

It was published in Nuremberg in 1450. The first book in the Slovak language to be published in the Czech lands was “The Book of Psalms” in 1503. It was written by Martin Kráľ, a Dominican friar from Zvolen. The first book written completely in the Slovak language and published in the Austro-Hungarian Empire was “A Short History of the Slovak Nation” by Anton Bernolák in 1747. He was a teacher and writer from Banská Bystrica. The first book written in the Slovak language that was not religious was “The New Testament” by Jozef Murgaš in 1819. He was a Lutheran pastor from Poprad. The first Slovak novel was written by Mikulas Dzurinda in 1836. He was a teacher from Banská Bystrica.

The first Slovak play was written by Janko Lavieň in 1837. He was a teacher at the gymnasium in Košice. The first Slovak opera was written by Karel Sabina in 1844. He was a composer and conductor from Prešov. The first Slovak children’s story was written by Vojtech Pribyla in 1851. He was a teacher in Ruzomberok. The first Slovak collection of poems was compiled by Ľudovít Cerný in 1852. He was a historian from Bratislava. The first Slovak magazine was founded in 1861. It was called “Pohyb”. The first Slovak newspaper was established in 1865. It was called “Národný list”. The first Slovak film was made in 1898. It was called “Krásna koruna”. The first Slovak radio broadcast was given in 1920. It was called “Radio Praha”.

slovakian language

Beautiful Languages In Slovakia

The Slovak language is a Slavic language spoken in the country of Slovakia. It belongs to the East Slavic group, and it is closely related to Czech. The Slovak language has been written using Latin characters since the 12th century, but it did not become an official language until 1993.

Today, the majority of people speak both Slovak and Hungarian. There are also many speakers of Polish, Rusyn, Romany, Croatian, Serbian, Slovenian, German, Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Turkish, English, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Greek, Arabic, Hebrew, Persian, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, Albanian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Estonian, Finnish, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, Icelandic, Armenian, Georgian, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Uzbek, Tajik, Turkmen, Uighur, Azerbaijani, Bashkir, Chechen, Crimean Tatar, Dagestanian, Ingush, Lezgian, Mordvin, Ossetian, Shapsug, Circassian, Abkhazian, Balkar, Karachay-Balkar, Kumyk, Crimean Tartar, Avarsky, Chuvash, Khanty, Mansi, Mari, Mordvin, Ostyak, Polabian, Svan, Tuvinian, Udmurtsky, Volga Tatars, Yakut, Yukaghirs, Yukaghir, Kalmyk, Khakas, Ainu, Basque, Breton, Catalan, Corsican, Irish Gaelic, Manx, Scots Gaelic, Welsh, Cornish, Galician, Asturian, Aragonese, Old Norse, Provençal, Occitan, Sardinian, Scottish Gaelic, Sicilian, Umbrian, Western Frisian, Faroese, Low Saxon, Upper Sorbian, Lower Sorbian, Yiddish, and others.

slovakia official language

Slovak People Speak Many Different Languages

The Slovaks are a nation who live mostly in the central part of Europe. They have their own language, which they call Slovak or slovensky jazyk (slovak language). This language is very similar to Czech, although there are some differences in pronunciation. Most of the Slovaks also speak Hungarian as a second language. Some Slovaks also speak Polish, Rusyn, Romanies, Croatians, Serbians, Slovenians, Germans, Russians, Ukrainians, Belorusians, Bulgarians, Turks, Englishes, Frenchs, Italians, Spaniards, Portugals, Romans, Greeks, Arabs, Hebrews, Persians, Chinese, Japanese, Koreans, Vietnamese, Albanians, Armenians, Georgians, Azeris, Bashkirs, Kazhaksh, Kirghiz, Kumyks, Uzbeks, Tatars, Mongols, etc.

Frequently Asked Questions

Slovakia is a multilingual country. It has three official languages: Slovak, Hungarian and Romany (Gypsy). The most common language of communication is Slovak. In addition to the national languages, there are also regional dialects. For example, there are two different varieties of Slovak in the western region of Slovakia. These dialects are called Western Slovak and Eastern Slovak.

If you know Russian proficiently, you would be able to understand 77 percent of Polish words, while Czech, Slovak, Bulgarian, and Slovene have a vocabulary resemblance of 74 percent to Russian, with Serbian having a vocabulary similarity of 71 percent.

Czechs speak the Czech language, which is divided into literary and vernacular variants. Slovaks speak a language called Slovak that is akin to the literary version of Czech. Both languages have slightly different terminology. Slovak grammar is a little less complicated than Czech grammar.

The number of Americans who claim to be of Slovak descent is estimated at about 1.5 million, according to the US Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) estimates for 2012-2016.

The Slovaks are part of a larger group of people known as the Slavs. Russians, Poles, Ruthenians, Czechs, Croats, Serbs, Slovenes, Ukrainians, Bulgars, and Macedonians all belong to this group.

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